Empowered in the Face of Menopause

Empowered in the Face of Menopause

by Victoria Tabak

Menopause is a time when a woman transitions into the next chapter of her life; it is a time when almost everything about her physically, mentally, and physiologically may transform. The population of menopausal women is rapidly increasing. There are approximately 6,000 women in the United States daily that reach menopause, estimating at over 2 million per year.

Although menopause is an inevitability for women, it is not something that is typically discussed. For example, not many people know that in the first 38 years of a woman’s life, her skin does not age as much as it does during five years of menopause. Menopause is a natural progression for a woman, but the experience may be radically different; it may be relatively easy for some and difficult for others. The greatest impact a woman can have in the face of menopause is empowering herself through education and knowledge and managing the changes through healthy and appropriate lifestyle choices.



ORIGIN

In the early 1800s, Dr. Charles Pierre Louis de Gardanne, a French physician, created the word “ménopause.” This term is rooted in ancient Greek and was later translated to Latin, which is still the primary language used to name terms in the field of medicine and science. In Latin, “menopausis” came from the Greek word “men,” meaning moon – a point of reference for measuring the months – and “pauein,” meaning to pause or come to a stop.

STAGES

Menopause is a period in a woman’s life when her menstrual cycles gradually cease, typically over a several-year period. From the ages of 48 to 55, women can expect to experience menopause, which is accompanied by erratic hormone behavior, dramatic skin aging, and a plethora of other symptoms. The lower production of estrogen and progesterone, female sex hormones, are the culprits. The percentage of menopausal women is consistently increasing. Women today are entering this period earlier than ever before, perhaps because of increased stress factors, diet, or even environmental effects. Many women begin experiencing menopausal symptoms in their early 40s.

There are three stages of menopause: pre-menopause, perimenopause, and post-menopause. Pre-menopause is the beginning stage accompanied by early signs and changes, perimenopause is the most severe period, and post-menopause is the last stage where hormones begin to level out and the symptoms settle down.

Perimenopause is the period before menopause when estrogen and hormone levels begin to drop. A woman typically reaches this stage in her late 40s. In this stage, women will experience vasomotor symptoms (hot flashes, night sweats, and flushes), sleep disturbances (insomnia and night sweats), elevated heart rate, mood changes (irritability, depression, and anxiety), vaginal dryness or discomfort during intercourse, and urinary problems. Women typically enter menopause between the ages of 51 and 52. A woman is officially in menopause when she has missed a period for 12 straight months. This transition can take up to three years.

Post-menopause begins after 12 months of the absence of a period. During this time, the symptoms are the same as perimenopause, but may increase in intensity. There is also an increased risk of heart disease, osteopenia, and osteoporosis. These symptoms can range from uncomfortable to life-altering.

Menopause can be confirmed medically by a blood test that evaluates hormone concentration. Hormone concentration in the blood alters significantly at the onset of menopause. During the early stages of menopause, there is a sharp drop in progesterone, with the levels remaining low. Estrogen levels decline as well, but have random surges. These irregular hormone fluctuations instigate the many changes in a woman’s mood and in her body before she reaches the post-menopausal, stable hormonal state. Overall, symptoms of all three stages proceed over a three-to-seven year span, which should be an adjustment period devoted to creating suitable skin care and wellness habits.

BIOLOGICAL LAG

The human body is made up of many hormones and receptors. In young people, there is a constant biological flow of hormones activating receptor activity. To illustrate how this balancing act works, picture a lock and key. The hormones are the keys and the receptors are the locks. During menopause, the sharp hormone drop causes a decline in available keys, which leaves a growing amount of open locks. The insufficient amount of hormones causes involuntary receptor inactivity and an exponentially increasing biological lag to develop. As a result, there is a noticeable slowdown in the body’s self-regenerating potential and regression in overall appearance.

SYMPTOMS

Menopausal symptoms are not just an end of the monthly cycle. As a woman approaches menopause, her levels of estrogen begin to drop significantly in a short time frame. The hormone decline causes an internal hormone imbalance, which is a primary contributor to skin aging. It is a difficult process involving many rapid skin changes, including wrinkles, dryness, flakiness, sagging, and thinning.

All layers of skin (epidermis, dermis, and the subcutaneous layer), become progressively thinner. Typically, estrogens are responsible for stimulating fat deposits in the female body and supplying blood flow to the skin. There is loss of supportive fat under the skin of the face, neck, hands, and arms, which makes way for sagging wrinkles to appear. The skin over these areas becomes less easily compressed and starts to lose its mobility. Other major symptoms include sporadic hot flashes, anxiety, irritability, depression, weight gain, joint pain, and even a reduction of muscle mass.

A decline in estrogen also lowers the skin’s natural collagen and elastin production, which is essential in the skin’s ability to self-repair. There is an even greater risk of collagen breakdown and photoaging when skin is exposed to ultraviolet rays, making it particularly important for menopausal women to wear sunscreen daily because of the harmful effects. Ultimately, a person is at their healthiest when their hormones are balanced. After all, these chemicals are responsible for regulating immunity, reproduction, mood, metabolism, growth, and overall physical development. A lack of equilibrium can result in acne, dry skin, hyperpigmentation, and other physical changes.

SKIN CONCERNS

Undoubtedly, skin begins to age more rapidly at the onset of perimenopause. The inflammation genes become more active, causing certain skin disorders to develop or exacerbate, such as rosacea, pigmentation, and eczema. There is also greater risk of skin cancer, so regular and careful self-examination is crucial.

The production deficit of elastin and collagen fibers goes hand-in-hand with decreased skin elasticity. This equates to loss of volume in the lips, a concave appearance surrounding the eye area, wrinkles, and sagging skin. There is also a significant drop in hyaluronic acid in the intercellular layers, which is key to keeping skin looking plump. The overall slower cell turnover rate contributes to thinning skin and a reduction in the barrier function of the epidermis, leading to increased transepidermal water loss and a lack of skin lubrication.

A slowdown of the sudoriferous (sweat-producing) glands impairs the natural detoxification process through facial sweating. In conjunction, the sebaceous (oil-producing) glands are no longer efficient at moisturizing the skin with the body’s own oils. Skin continues to become dry, dehydrated, and lifeless if left untreated.

Women experiencing the hormone fluctuations of menopause also often see an increase in cellulite. This increase occurs when waste products, like fatty deposits, toxins, and fluids, get between the layers of the connective tissue. The worsened blood and lymph circulation is also a contributing factor.

PIGMENTATION

Hyperpigmentation is often the skin’s response to its external environment. Exposure to ultraviolet radiation initiates a defense response from the body, causing a greater production of melanin to absorb the radiation. The increased amount of melanin moves closer to the surface and is identifiable by the dark pigment on the skin. During menopause, there is typically a reduction of melanin production because of the decline in melanocyte activity. As a result, women may begin to notice a pale appearance due to fading skin tone and a loss of luster and glow.

ANDROGEN EFFECT

Although there is a decline of all hormones in the body, there is an overwhelming imbalance of androgens over estrogens because estrogens decrease with greater velocity. With the drop of estrogen, the male androgen hormones may become more pronounced. This domination can result in a sudden development of adult acne. The prominent androgen activity stimulates sebaceous glands to over-produce oils that can clog pores. The excess oils also sit on the surface of the skin and potentially attract bacteria that causes breakouts and acne.

Testosterone, an androgen hormone that dominates during this period, directly relates to menopause-related hair changes. Side effects associated with hair changes run the gamut between the two extremes of hair loss and hair growth. Balding or thinning hair is one side of the hormone issue. The other is growth of new hair in unwanted areas, such as the upper lip and chin.

HEALTH

Menopausal women have to go to great lengths to overcome the multitude of physical reactions from the body. The obstacles for each woman may vary, although headaches, backaches, hot flashes, weakened bones, loose teeth, gum problems, and increased risk of cardiovascular disease are some of the chief concerns.

Heart disease is the leading killer of women in the United States. Cardiovascular disease and stroke are responsible for one-in-three women’s deaths every year, with an estimated 44 million affected. In fact, after age 50, nearly half of all deaths in women are due to some form of cardiovascular disease. On the bright side, 80 percent of heart disease and strokes can be prevented through lifestyle changes, such as avoiding or quitting smoking and secondhand smoke, maintaining a healthy body weight, exercising regularly, and eating a diet low in trans and saturated fats.

The severely increased risk of heart disease in menopausal and post-menopausal women is possibly because of the estrogen decline. Normally, estrogen works to help keep blood vessels flexible and relaxed to easily accommodate and help regulate blood flow. According to Dr. Nieca Goldberg, a cardiologist and volunteer for the American Heart Association, there are other reasons for the increased risk of cardiovascular disease during menopause and post-menopause. For example, the rise of LDL, the unhealthy cholesterol, not being counteracted by the decline of HDL, the healthy cholesterol, in conjunction with increased blood pressure may play a role.

Menopause also puts women at greater risk of osteoporosis, a decrease in bone density and strength, causing higher risk of fractures. This disease often has no symptoms and is not discovered until a painful fracture, which it is known to cause. It is possible to treat and prevent osteoporosis if the person is aware and knows where to look for it. Similarly, osteopenia occurs when bone density is reduced and lower than normal; it is not severe enough to be diagnosed as osteoporosis. Increased risk of osteoporosis and osteopenia in menopause is directly linked to the lack of estrogen that naturally occurs.

It is important to exercise, find time to do the enjoyable activities, and generally be physically active. It will improve overall quality of life while generating the release of endorphins. This source of positivity will help to relieve the hardships associated with menopause.

NEW GENERATIONAL APPROACH

For decades, menopause was the unmentionable period a maturing woman went through alone and in silence. Luckily, today, the Baby Boomers generation, now menopausal, has brought light to the conversation, creating a comfortable, public environment for discussion and support. They are characteristically proud of their pasts and journeys and few are in denial once menopause approaches. They are the target demographic for skin care professionals offering menopausal, age-reversing skin-management treatments.

MEDICAL THERAPY

Many medical professionals have become accustomed to recommending hormone replacement therapy (HRT) or estrogen replacement therapy (ERT) to their patients right off the bat when menopause approaches. The pharmaceutical “traditional” medicine approach of HRT or ERT works to stabilize jumpy hormone levels and helps ease many symptoms of menopause, but is accompanied by certain risks and potential side effects. HRT or ERT is the process of taking hormone prescription pills that contain artificial estrogen and progestin similar to hormones that are naturally made by a woman’s body. Estrogen medication comes either as a patch, daily pill, vaginal ring, gel, or spray, depending on personal preferences.

Some studies show that the overall risks of long-term use outweigh the benefits because the imitation hormones are foreign to the body. Recently, the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center revealed that antidepressants, such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), can provide similar benefits in comparison to low-dose estrogen and decrease menopausal hot flashes without the inflated risks.

NATURAL REMEDIES

When it comes to easing the rapid hormonal changes of menopause and the havoc they wreak, stabilization is key. Phytohormones are plant-derived compounds that possess estrogen-like characteristics that naturally and gently promote internal balance. Genistein, also known as an aglycon, is a phytohormone acquired through a hydrolysis process of soy isoflavones and has a chemical structure similar to real estrogen. It is not an actual hormone however, so the potential adverse side effects that exist with HRT are virtually eliminated.

Soy isoflavones are made up of large glycoside molecules. When soy is eaten, it is naturally hydrolyzed by hydrochloric acid that exists in the stomach, allowing isoflavones to be absorbed and effective. Skin, on the other hand, does not have any hydrolytic capabilities; in order for soy isoflavones to be beneficial through topical application, they must be in the form of an aglycon. Aglycons are soy isoflavones that have undergone the hydrolysis process, releasing the long sugar molecule originally attached to the glycoside, making the molecule small enough and bio-available to penetrate the epidermis.

Soy-derived phytohormones are smart plant hormones that have a self-sensing ability to influence changes in the body by either initiating estrogen receptor response or blocking androgen receptor sites when necessary. Referring back to the lock and key analogy, estrogen and genistein are so chemically similar that when genistein is introduced to the skin or body, it is accepted as its own “key.” The skin simply responds, once-again commencing the normal “key to lock” or “hormone to receptor” biological flow.

Genistein has tremendous skin benefits, including the unique ability to generate cell membranes. It rebuilds collagen and elastin, increases skin thickness, and hydrates and improves overall wellness while smoothing fine lines and wrinkles. Furthermore, phytosterols, phospholipids, and saponins in soy help increase skin’s immunity and resistance to both environmental effects and inflammation. The saponins’ molecule can absorb toxic buildup, boosting the energy and rejuvenation level of every cell.

Diosgenin is a phytohormone derived from wild yams and has similar traits to progesterone. Diosgenin, like progesterone, stimulates sebaceous glands to encourage greater oil production. Given that a menopausal woman’s skin becomes progressively dry, diosgenin works to improve skin appearance by facilitating the skin’s self-moisturizing action.

DIET AND NUTRITION

A balanced nutritious diet is essential at any stage in life, but especially one that is in line with the growing sensitivities that develop in women during menopause. There are certain types of foods, those that contain gluten, monosodium glutamate (MSG), processed sugars, and trans fatty acids, that can trigger an inflammatory response in the body. Furthermore, omega-6 fatty acids, which are traditionally known to be beneficial, also lead to inflammation. Inflammatory foods raise the level of cortisol, a steroid hormone. In response, histamines are produced in the body to counter the inflammation. During menopause, because of the hormone imbalance, women are especially reactive to histamine-rich foods. This reaction forces all-time high histamine levels and, ultimately, an intolerance.

Some of the common symptoms women have expressed include sleeplessness, crankiness, more frequent hot flashes, and severe itching throughout the body. Diet is critical in promoting healthy moods and wellness. Selecting foods that are low in histamines is important. Antioxidant-rich fruits and vegetables and other anti-inflammatory foods, such as green, leafy vegetables; tomatoes; and most berries are especially great to counter the body’s histamine response.

Taking an omega-3 supplement daily will have anti-inflammatory qualities for the entire body. Omega-3 is rich with essential fatty acids. It also improves bone density, along with foods that are also rich in calcium and vitamin D. Synergistically, they fight the vulnerability of developing osteoporosis by working to strengthen bones and reducing the risk.

Substances rich with phytoestrogens encourage hormone and receptor balance. A few types of phytoestrogen examples include isoflavones, diosgenin, and lignans. Examples of foods rich with isoflavones include soy, clover, and kudzu root. A diosgenin-rich food example is wild yams. Some common lignin-containing foods include flaxseeds, legumes, whole grains, peaches, strawberries, prunes, pumpkins, and squash.

The Asian population living in Asia is the perfect example of how an isoflavone-rich diet enhances vitality. They have dramatically lower incidences of people with skin conditions; cardiovascular disease; osteoporosis; and prostate, uterine, and breast cancers. With a primarily soy-based diet, they consume an estimated 300 milligrams of soy daily.

Soy is a superfood that contains the richest concentrations of isoflavones, phospholipids, phytosterols, saponins, vitamins, omegas, minerals and protein of any food source. It is becoming a staple in leading a holistic lifestyle. Simply eating soy offers a clean and pure source of protein rich in iron, manganese, phosphorus, magnesium, calcium, zinc, potassium, copper, and folic acid. In the United States, the highest quality non-genetically modified form of soy is grown in the Midwest.

Besides soy-based foods, a daily soy supplement is also recommended as it will provide additional support in the time of transition. Soy isoflavones supplements will help ease hot flashes and promote clearer, younger-looking skin.

Staying hydrated by drinking a sufficient amount of water is another way to encourage menopause wellness. Water boosts skin hydration and elasticity, facilitates detoxification by forcing toxins to pass more frequently through urine, and improves circulation and metabolism. It also offers a gateway to maintaining a healthy weight.

Certainly, exercise and all forms of physical activity will stimulate the mind and body through the release of endorphins. This forced state of positive emotions will counterbalance the mood swings or possible sadness. Maintaining a personal healthy weight is another tool to being constructively affective during this time.

SPA AND SKIN CARE

The experience of menopause varies from woman to woman and the journey for some may be a difficult one; for others, it is simply the next chapter. One thing is certain for skin care professionals, there is immense market growth and opportunities as Baby Boomers grow older. It is strategically wise for spa owners to offer treatments that support and manage menopausal skin aging.

Treatments incorporating phytohormones, especially soy isoflavones, are ideal for clients distressed by hormonal imbalances. Soy isoflavones work to naturally remedy hormone-associated aging and acne skin changes in synergy with the body’s own processes, as described earlier with the lock and key description of receptor and hormone behavior. The adaptogenic characteristics of soy isoflavones allows for it to be effective in treating both spectrums of skin concerns: wrinkles and dryness or acne-troubled skin.

A powerful way to combat skin aging is with products containing pure hydrolyzed genistein, which is derived from soy isoflavones, the most active and penetrable form. It initiates hormone receptor activity, which jumpstarts the biological lag. Every cell in the body has a memory and by reinitiating receptor action, the cells remember and behave as they did at a younger state. In turn, cells begin to better regenerate and boost overall skin vitality.

A phytoestrogen spa treatment rich with soy-derived genistein and wild yam-derived diosgenin, for example, is a great option for a wide spectrum of clients, depending on their specific skin concerns. Benefits include collagen and elastin renewal, increase in skin thickness, a boost in skin hydration, and smoothing in the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. Genistein and diosgenin are both effective as a gentle, non-invasive way to reduce the severity and accumulation of cellulite. A phytoestrogen-rich treatment has both immediate and cumulative results, particularly when combined with a daily homecare regimen. Routine treatment and care truly provides a healthy, natural alternative to pharmaceutical-based treatments designed for problem and aging skin.

The recommended homecare routine for age management should include an appropriate daily cleanser, occlusive eye cream, serum, rich potent face complex, and sun protection. Depending on the personal maintenance commitment, an individual set of products for the day and night time may be optimal. In addition, using an exfoliant and a firming mask at least once a week will boost cell turnover and promote facial contour.

Massage is another effective treatment that improves menopausal symptoms. It improves blood circulation and lymphatic drainage. Massage not only helps purge toxins from the body, but also combats cellulite. It also promotes relaxation and is an uplifting experience.

NECESSARY TRANSITION

Menopause in the past has been regarded as a negative occurrence in a woman’s life, making women want to run for the hills. Today, that perspective is changing. Menopause is a natural and necessary transition, but it is a time for a woman to adjust and continue to fully love herself. Although menopause is associated with many psychological difficulties, education about the physical and psychosocial needs helps to alleviate these difficulties. The latest in scientific developments, innovations, and knowledge, coupled with self-care, allows women to have power in the face of menopause to look and feel great.

References

1 Gardanne, Ch. PL de. Menopause: The Critical Age of Women. 1821.

2 Singh, A. (2002). A historical perspective on menopause and menopausal age. Bulletin of the Indian Institute of History of Medicine, 32(2), 121-135.

3 Squadrito, F. et al. (2003). Effect of genistein on endothelial function in postmenopausal women: a randomized, double-blind, controlled study. The American Journal of Medicine, 114(6), 470-476. doi:10.1016/s0002-9343(03)00059-7

4 Manson, J. E. et al. (2008). The menopause transition and postmenopausal hormone therapy. Harrison’s Principles of Internal Medicine, 17, 2334-2339.

5 Smoller, Allison, J. W. et al. (2009). Antidepressant use and risk of incident cardiovascular morbidity and mortality among postmenopausal women in the women’s health initiative study. American Medical Association. Archives of Internal Medicine, 169(22), 2128-2139.

6 American Heart Association. (2015, July). Menopause and heart disease. Retrieved from http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/More/MyHeartandStrokeNews/Menopause-and-Heart-Disease_UCM_448432_Article.jsp#.WXa7p4jys2w

7 Markman L., Shlyankevich, M., inventors; Hydrolysis and purification of active plant compounds suitable for topical application. U. S. Patent 20050037099. February 17, 2005.

8 US Census Bureau. (n.d.). Projections of the population by sex and age for the United States: 2015 to 2060 (NP2014-T9). Retrieved from https://www2.census.gov/programs-surveys/popproj/tables/2014/2014-summary-tables/np2014-t3.xls

9 Verdier-Sevrain, S. et al. (2006). Biology of estrogens in skin: implications for skin aging. Experimental Dermatology, 15(2), 45-46. doi:10.1111/j.1600-0625.2005.00377.x

10 Kalaiselvan, V. et al. (2010). Current knowledge and future direction of research on soy isoflavones as a therapeutic agents. Pharmacognosy Reviews, 4(8), 111-117. doi:10.4103/0973-7847.70900

11 Cornwell, T. et al. (2004). Dietary phytoestrogens and health. Phytochemistry, 65(8), 995-1016. doi:10.1016/j.phytochem.2004.03.005

 

Written by licensed and two time award-winning skin expert, Victoria Tabak, CEO Nature Pure Clinical Skin Care. Published in Dermascope Magazine in September 2017 issue.

Leave a comment

$1 Days
$2 Hours
$3 Minutes
$4 Second
{ "en":{ "general": { "field": { "required": "Required", "actions": "Actions", "top_btn": "Top" }, "accessibility": { "skip_to_content": "Skip to content", "close_modal": "Close (esc)" }, "meta": { "tags": "Tagged \"[[ tags ]]\"", "page": "Page [[ page ]]" }, "404": { "title": "404 Page Not Found", "subtext": "The page you requested does not exist.", "link": "Continue shopping" }, "pagination": { "previous": "Previous", "next": "Next", "current_page": "Page [[ current ]] of [[ total ]]" }, "password_page": { "opening_soon": "Opening Soon", "login_form_heading": "Enter store using password", "login_form_password_label": "Password", "login_form_password_placeholder": "Your password", "login_form_submit": "Enter", "signup_form_email_label": "Email", "signup_form_success": "We will send you an email right before we open!", "admin_link_html": "Are you the store owner? Log in here<\/a>", "password_link": "Enter using password", "powered_by_shopify_html": "This shop will be powered by [[ shopify ]]" }, "social": { "share_on_facebook": "Share", "share_on_twitter": "Tweet", "share_on_pinterest": "Pin it", "alt_text": { "share_on_facebook": "Share on Facebook", "share_on_twitter": "Tweet on Twitter", "share_on_pinterest": "Pin on Pinterest" } }, "search": { "no_results_html": "Your search for \"[[ terms ]]\" did not yield any results.", "results_with_count": { "one": "[[ count ]] result for \"[[ terms ]]\"", "other": "[[ count ]] results for \"[[ terms ]]\"" }, "title": "Search our site", "placeholder": "Search", "submit": "Submit", "close": "Close search" }, "newsletter_form": { "newsletter_email": "Join our mailing list", "email_placeholder": "Email address", "confirmation": "Thanks for subscribing", "submit": "Subscribe", "show_me_text": "Do not show me again" }, "filters": { "show_more": "Show More", "show_less": "Show Less" }, "breadcrumbs": { "home": "Home", "create_account": "Create account", "account": "Account", "addresses": "Addresses" }, "item": { "remove": "Remove Item" } }, "sections": { "header": { "top_header_login": "Login", "top_header_register": "Register", "top_header_wishlist": "Wish list", "register_dropdown": "No account? Create one here", "forgot": "Forgot password", "all_collection": "All Collections", "world_wide_delivery": "Worldwide delivery", "shipping_text": "Free UK Delivery on orders over £ 100", "hot_line": "Hot line" }, "menu": { "mobile_menu_tab": "Menu", "mobile_account_tab": "Account", "mobile_settings_tab": "Settings" }, "slideshow": { "next_slide": "Next slide", "previous_slide": "Previous slide", "pause_slideshow": "Pause slideshow", "play_slideshow": "Play slideshow", "play_video": "Play video", "close_video": "Close video" }, "map": { "get_directions": "Get directions", "address_error": "Error looking up that address", "address_no_results": "No results for that address", "address_query_limit_html": "You have exceeded the Google API usage limit. Consider upgrading to a Premium Plan<\/a>.", "auth_error_html": "There was a problem authenticating your Google Maps account. Create and enable the JavaScript API<\/a> and Geocoding API<\/a> permissions of your app." } }, "blogs": { "article": { "view_all": "View all", "all_topics": "All topics", "by_author": "by [[ author ]]", "posted_in": "Posted in", "read_more": "Read more", "back_to_blog": "Back to [[ title ]]" }, "comments": { "title": "Leave a comment", "name": "Name", "email": "Email", "message": "Message", "post": "Post comment", "moderated": "Please note, comments must be approved before they are published", "success_moderated": "Your comment was posted successfully. We will publish it in a little while, as our blog is moderated.", "success": "Your comment was posted successfully! Thank you!", "comments_with_count": { "one": "[[ count ]] comment", "other": "[[ count ]] comments" } } }, "cart": { "general": { "title": "Your cart", "note": "Add a note to your order", "remove": "Remove", "subtotal": "Subtotal", "savings": "You're saving", "shipping_at_checkout": "Shipping & taxes calculated at checkout", "update": "Update", "checkout": "Process Check out", "empty": "Your cart is currently empty.", "cookies_required": "Enable cookies to use the shopping cart", "edit": "Edit", "cancel": "Cancel", "continue_shopping": "Continue shopping", "recently_added_item": "Recently added item(s)", "remove_item": "Remove This Item", "view_and_edit_cart": "View and edit cart", "clear": "Clear cart", "empty_page_title": "Shopping Cart is Empty", "here": "here", "empty_continue_html": "Click here to continue shopping.", "processing": "Processing...", "items_count_label" : "[[ count ]] item(s) in your cart", "ok" : "Ok" }, "label": { "product": "Product", "price": "Price", "quantity": "Quantity", "total": "Total", "total_item": "Total item", "sub_total_top": "Cart Subtotal" } }, "collections": { "general": { "view_all": "View all", "clear_all": "Clear All", "no_matches": "Sorry, there are no products in this collection", "items_with_count": { "one": "[[ count ]] product", "other": "[[ count ]] products" }, "load_more": "Load More", "sidebar_btn": "Filter by" }, "sorting": { "title": "Sort by", "manual": "Featured", "best_selling": "Best Selling", "title_ascending": "Alphabetically, A-Z", "title_descending": "Alphabetically, Z-A", "price_ascending": "Price, low to high", "price_descending": "Price, high to low", "created_descending": "Date, new to old", "created_ascending": "Date, old to new" }, "filters": { "title_tags": "Filter", "all_tags": "All products", "categories": "categories", "title": "Filter", "color": "Color", "size": "Size", "brand": "Brand", "price": "Price", "green": "Green", "blue": "Blue", "red": "Red", "pink": "Pink", "black": "Black", "purple": "Purple", "white": "White", "orange": "Orange" }, "product_item": { "quick_shop": "Quick View", "compare": "Compare", "wishlist": "Add to Wishlist" } }, "contact": { "form": { "name": "Name", "email": "Email", "phone": "Phone Number", "message": "Message", "submit": "Submit", "post_success": "Thanks for contacting us. We'll get back to you as soon as possible.", "address": "Address", "telephone": "Telephone", "title": "Write us", "required": "Required" } }, "customer": { "account": { "title": "My Account", "details": "Account Details", "view_addresses": "View Addresses", "return": "Return to Account Details" }, "activate_account": { "title": "Activate Account", "subtext": "Create your password to activate your account.", "password": "Password", "password_confirm": "Confirm Password", "submit": "Activate Account", "cancel": "Decline Invitation" }, "addresses": { "title": "Your Addresses", "default": "Default", "add_new": "Add a New Address", "edit_address": "Edit address", "first_name": "First Name", "last_name": "Last Name", "company": "Company", "address1": "Address1", "address2": "Address2", "city": "City", "country": "Country", "province": "Province", "zip": "Postal\/Zip Code", "phone": "Phone", "set_default": "Set as default address", "add": "Add Address", "update": "Update Address", "cancel": "Cancel", "edit": "Edit", "delete": "Delete", "delete_confirm": "Are you sure you wish to delete this address?" }, "login": { "title": "Login", "desc": "If you have an account, sign in with your email address.", "email": "Email", "password": "Password", "forgot_password": "Forgot your password?", "sign_in": "Sign In", "guest_title": "Continue as a guest", "guest_continue": "Continue" }, "orders": { "title": "Order History", "order_number": "Order", "date": "Date", "payment_status": "Payment Status", "fulfillment_status": "Fulfillment Status", "total": "Total", "none": "You haven't placed any orders yet." }, "order": { "title": "Order [[ name ]]", "date": "Placed on [[ date ]]", "cancelled": "Order Cancelled on [[ date ]]", "cancelled_reason": "Reason: [[ reason ]]", "billing_address": "Billing Address", "payment_status": "Payment Status", "shipping_address": "Shipping Address", "fulfillment_status": "Fulfillment Status", "discount": "Discount", "shipping": "Shipping", "tax": "Tax", "product": "Product", "sku": "SKU", "price": "Price", "quantity": "Quantity", "total": "Total", "fulfilled_at": "Fulfilled [[ date ]]", "subtotal": "Subtotal" }, "recover_password": { "title": "Reset your password", "email": "Email", "submit": "Submit", "cancel": "Cancel", "subtext": "We will send you an email to reset your password.", "success": "We've sent you an email with a link to update your password." }, "reset_password": { "title": "Reset account password", "subtext": "Enter a new password for [[ email ]]", "password": "Password", "password_confirm": "Confirm Password", "submit": "Reset Password" }, "register": { "title": "Create Account", "first_name": "First Name", "last_name": "Last Name", "email": "Email", "password": "Password", "submit": "Create", "desc": "Creating an account is easy. Just fill in the form below." } }, "homepage": { "onboarding": { "product_title": "Your product's name", "product_description": "This area is used to describe your product’s details. Tell customers about the look, feel, and style of your product. Add details on color, materials used, sizing, and where it was made.", "collection_title": "Your collection's name", "blog_title": "Your post's title", "blog_excerpt": "Your store hasn’t published any blog posts yet. A blog can be used to talk about new product launches, tips, or other news you want to share with your customers. You can check out Shopify’s ecommerce blog for inspiration and advice for your own store and blog.", "blog_author": "Author name", "no_content": "This section doesn’t currently include any content. Add content to this section using the sidebar." } }, "layout": { "navigation": { "search": "Search", "toggle": "expand\/collapse", "expand": "expand", "collapse": "collapse", "all_categories": "All Categories" }, "cart": { "title": "Cart", "items_count": { "one": "item", "other": "items" } }, "customer": { "account": "Account", "log_out": "Log out", "logout": "Log out", "log_in": "Log in", "create_account": "Create account", "sign_up": "Sign up", "wishlist": "Wishlist" }, "footer": { "social_platform": "[[ name ]] on [[ platform ]]" }, "list_page": { "grid": "Grid", "list": "List" } }, "products": { "product": { "regular_price": "Regular price", "sold_out": "Sold out", "unavailable": "Unavailable", "on_sale": "Sale", "quantity": "Quantity", "add_to_cart": "Add to cart", "back_to_collection": "Back to [[ title ]]", "related_title": "Related Products", "qty_increase": "Increase", "qty_decrease": "Decrease", "deal_days": "Days", "deal_hours": "Hours", "deal_minutes": "Minutes", "deal_second": "Second", "select_option": "Select Option", "add_to_wishlist": "Add to Wishlist", "add_to_review": "Add to review", "compare_success_msg": "[[ product_title ]] has added to comparing box successful", "compare_exist_msg": "[[ product_title ]] is exist in comparing box", "compare_cart_msg": "[[ product_title ]] has added to shopping cart", "compare_remove_msg": "[[ product_title ]] has removed from comparing box", "compare_remove_msg": "[[ product_title ]] has removed from comparing box", "comparing_box": "Comparing box", "compare_no_items": "There is no items in comparing box", "wishlist_success_msg": "[[ product_title ]] has added to wishlist successful", "wishlist_exist_msg": "[[ product_title ]] is exist in wishlist", "wishlist_cart_msg": "[[ product_title ]] has added to shopping cart", "wishlist_box": "Wishlist", "wishlist_remove_msg": "[[ product_title ]] has removed from wishlist", "wislist_no_items": "There is no items in wishlist", "upsell_cart_msg": "\"[[ product_title ]]\" has added to shopping cart", "upsell_block_title": "Frequently bought with \"[[ product_title ]]\"", "upsell_cart_qty": "[[ count ]] item(s)", "upsell_product_page_title": "You may also like these products", "upsell_checkout_btn": "Checkout", "share": "Share product", "share_on_facebook": "Share on Facebook", "share_on_twitter": "Share on Twitter", "share_on_pinterest": "Share on Pinterest", "share_on_google": "Share on Google+", "share_on_linkedin": "Share on LinkedIn", "availability": "Availability", "in_stock": "In Stock", "out_of_stock": "Out of stock", "quick_overview": "Quick Overview", "details": "Details", "reviews": "Reviews", "first_review": "Be the first review", "tags": "Product Tags", "size_chart": "Size Chart", "options": "Options", "vendor": "Vendor", "features": "Features", "sale_left_text": "[[ sales ]] SOLD. HURRY! ONLY A FEW LEFT!", "checkout_text": "Secured and trusted checkout with" }, "upsell": { "recommend_text": "Someone purchased a", "minute_ago": "minutes ago" } }, "gift_cards": { "issued": { "title_html": "Here's your [[ value ]] gift card for [[ shop ]]!", "subtext": "Your gift card", "disabled": "Disabled", "expired": "Expired on [[ expiry ]]", "active": "Expires on [[ expiry ]]", "redeem_html": "Use this code at checkout to redeem your [[ value ]] gift card", "shop_link": "Start shopping", "print": "Print this gift card", "remaining_html": "[[ balance ]] left", "add_to_apple_wallet": "Add to Apple Wallet" } }, "date_formats": { "month_day_year": "%B %d, %Y" } }, "fr":{ "general": { "field": { "required": "Requis", "actions": "Les actes", "top_btn": "Haut" }, "accessibility": { "skip_to_content": "Passer au contenu", "close_modal": "Fermer (Esc)" }, "meta": { "tags": "Mots clés \"[[ tags ]]\"", "page": "Page [[ page ]]" }, "404": { "title": "404 - Page non trouvée", "subtext": "Cette page n'est pas disponible.", "link": "Retourner au magasinage" }, "pagination": { "previous": "Précédent", "next": "Suivant", "current_page": "Page [[ current ]] sur [[ total ]]" }, "password_page": { "opening_soon": "Bientôt ouvert", "login_form_heading": "Accéder à la boutique à l'aide d'un mot de passe", "login_form_password_label": "Mot de passe", "login_form_password_placeholder": "Votre mot de passe", "login_form_submit": "Entrer", "signup_form_email_label": "Courriel", "signup_form_success": "Nous vous ferons parvenir un courriel juste avant l'ouverture!", "admin_link_html": "Êtes-vous le propriétaire de la boutique? Connectez-vous ici<\/a>.", "password_link": "Entrer avec un mot de passe", "powered_by_shopify_html": "Cette boutique sera propulsée par [[ shopify ]]" }, "social": { "share_on_facebook": "Partager", "share_on_twitter": "Tweeter", "share_on_pinterest": "Épingler", "alt_text": { "share_on_facebook": "Partager sur Facebook", "share_on_twitter": "Tweeter sur Twitter", "share_on_pinterest": "Épingler sur Pinterest" } }, "search": { "no_results_html": "Votre recherche pour \"[[ terms ]]\" n'a pas généré de résultats.", "results_with_count": { "one": "[[ count ]] résultat pour \"[[ terms ]]\"", "other": "[[ count ]] résultats pour \"[[ terms ]]\"" }, "title": "Effectuez une recherche", "placeholder": "Recherche", "submit": "Recherche", "close": "Fermer (esc)" }, "newsletter_form": { "newsletter_email": "Join our mailing list", "email_placeholder": "Adresse courriel", "confirmation": "Merci pour votre abonnement", "submit": "S'inscrire", "show_me_text": "Ne me montre plus" }, "filters": { "show_more": "Voir plus", "show_less": "Afficher moins" }, "breadcrumbs": { "home": "Accueil", "create_account": "Créer un compte", "account": "Compte", "addresses": "Adresses" }, "item": { "remove": "Retirer l'objet" } }, "sections": { "header": { "top_header_login": "S'identifier", "top_header_register": "Registre", "top_header_wishlist": "Liste de souhaits", "register_dropdown": "Pas de compte? Créer un ici", "forgot": "Mot de passe oublié", "all_collection": "Toutes les collections", "world_wide_delivery": "Livraison à l'échelle mondiale", "shipping_text": "Livraison gratuite au Royaume-Uni sur des commandes de plus de 100 £", "hot_line": "Hot line" }, "menu": { "mobile_menu_tab": "Menu", "mobile_account_tab": "Compte", "mobile_settings_tab": "Paramètres" }, "slideshow": { "next_slide": "Diapositive suivante", "previous_slide": "Diapositive précédente", "pause_slideshow": "Mettre en pause le diaporama", "play_slideshow": "Jouer le diaporama", "play_video": "Lire la vidéo", "close_video": "Fermer la vidéo" }, "map": { "get_directions": "Obtenir des directions", "address_error": "Vous ne trouvez pas cette adresse", "address_no_results": "Aucun résultat pour cette adresse", "address_query_limit_html": "Vous avez dépassé la limite de Google utilisation de l'API. Envisager la mise à niveau à un régime spécial<\/a>.", "auth_error_html": "Il y avait un problème authentifier votre compte Google Maps . Créer et activer l'API JavaScript<\/a> et l'API de géocodage<\/a> les autorisations de application." } }, "blogs": { "article": { "view_all": "Voir toutes", "all_topics": "Tous les sujets", "by_author": "par [[ author ]]", "posted_in": "Publié dans", "read_more": "Plus", "back_to_blog": "Retour à [[ title ]]" }, "comments": { "title": "Laissez un commentaire", "name": "Nom", "email": "Courriel", "message": "Message", "post": "Publier le commentaire", "moderated": "Veuillez noter que les commentaires doivent être approvés avant d'être affichés", "success_moderated": "Votre commentaire a été soumis avec succès. Nous le publierons sous peu, suite à notre processus de modération.", "success": "Votre commentaire a été publié avec succès!", "comments_with_count": { "one": "[[ count ]] commentaire", "other": "[[ count ]] commentaires" } } }, "cart": { "general": { "title": "Panier", "note": "Ajouter une note à votre commande", "remove": "Retirer", "subtotal": "Sous-total", "savings": "Vous économisez", "shipping_at_checkout": "Frais de port et remises calculés à la caisse", "update": "Mettre à jour", "checkout": "Procéder au paiement", "empty": "Votre panier est vide.", "cookies_required": "Activer les cookies pour utiliser le panier", "cancel": "Annuler", "edit": "Éditer", "continue_shopping": "Continuer vos achats", "view_and_edit_cart": "Afficher et modifier le panier", "processing": "En traitement...", "items_count_label" : "[[ count ]] article(s) dans votre panier", "ok" : "D'accord", "empty_page_title": "Le panier d'achat est vide", "empty_continue_html": "Cliquer ici pour poursuivre vos achats.", "clear": "Vider le panier", "recently_added_item": "Article (s) récemment ajouté (s)", "remove_item": "Enlever cet article", "here": "ici" }, "label": { "product": "Produit", "price": "Prix", "quantity": "Quantité", "total": "Total", "total_item": "Total de l'élément", "sub_total_top": "Sous-total du panier" } }, "collections": { "general": { "view_all": "Voir toutes", "clear_all": "Tout Supprimer", "no_matches": "Aucun produit ne correspond à votre recherche.", "items_with_count": { "one": "[[ count ]] item", "other": "[[ count ]] items" }, "load_more": "Charger plus", "sidebar_btn": "Filtrer par" }, "sorting": { "title": "Trier par", "manual": "En vedette", "best_selling": "Meilleurs vendeurs", "title_ascending": "A-Z", "title_descending": "Z-A", "price_ascending": "Prix: faible à élevé", "price_descending": "Prix: élevé à faible", "created_descending": "Date: récent à ancien", "created_ascending": "Date: ancien à récent" }, "filters": { "title_tags": "Filtrer", "all_tags": "Tous les produits", "categories": "Les catégories", "title": "Filtre", "color": "Couleur", "size": "Taille", "brand": "Marque", "price": "Prix", "green": "Vert", "blue": "Bleu", "red": "Rouge", "pink": "Rose", "black": "Noir", "purple": "Violet", "white": "Blanc", "orange": "Orange" }, "product_item": { "quick_shop": "Aperçu rapide", "compare": "Comparer", "wishlist": "Ajouter à la liste de souhaits" } }, "contact": { "form": { "name": "Nom", "email": "Courriel", "phone": "Téléphone", "message": "Message", "submit": "Envoyer", "post_success": "Merci de nous avoir avoir contacté. Nous vous reviendrons le plus rapidement possible.", "address": "Adresse", "telephone": "Téléphone", "title": "Écrivez-nous", "required": "Requis" } }, "customer": { "account": { "title": "Mon compte", "details": "Détails du compte", "view_addresses": "Voir les adresses", "return": "Retour aux détails du compte" }, "activate_account": { "title": "Activer le compte", "subtext": "Créez votre mot de passe pour activer le compte.", "submit": "Activer le compte", "cancel": "Refuser l'invitation", "password": "Mot de passe", "password_confirm": "Confirmer le mot de passe" }, "addresses": { "title": "Votre adresse", "default": "Par défaut", "add_new": "Ajouter une nouvelle adresse", "edit_address": "Éditer l'adresse", "first_name": "Prénom", "last_name": "Nom", "company": "Compagnie", "address1": "Adresse 1", "address2": "Adresse 2", "city": "Ville", "country": "Pays", "province": "Province", "zip": "Code postal", "phone": "Téléphone", "set_default": "Définir comme adresse par défaut", "add": "Ajouter l'adresse", "update": "Mettre à jour l'adresse", "cancel": "Annuler", "edit": "Éditer", "delete": "Supprimer", "delete_confirm": "Êtes-vous certain(e) de vouloir supprimer cette adresse?" }, "login": { "title": "Connexion", "desc": "Si vous avez un compte, connectez-vous avec votre adresse e-mail.", "email": "Courriel", "password": "Mot de passe", "forgot_password": "Mot de passe oublié?", "sign_in": "Se connecter", "guest_title": "Continuer en tant qu'invité", "guest_continue": "Continuer" }, "orders": { "title": "Historique des commandes", "order_number": "Commande", "date": "Date", "payment_status": "Statut du paiement", "fulfillment_status": "Statut du traitement de la commande", "total": "Total", "none": "Vous n'avez pas placé de commande à ce jour." }, "order": { "title": "Commande [[ name ]]", "date": "Placée le [[ date ]]", "cancelled": "Commande annulée le [[ date ]]", "cancelled_reason": "Motif: [[ reason ]]", "billing_address": "Adresse de facturation", "payment_status": "Statut du paiement", "shipping_address": "Adresse de livraison", "fulfillment_status": "Statut du traitement de la commande", "discount": "Rabais appliqué", "shipping": "Livraison", "tax": "Taxes", "product": "Produit", "sku": "SKU", "price": "Prix", "quantity": "Quantité", "total": "Total", "fulfilled_at": "Traitée le [[ date ]]", "subtotal": "Sous-total" }, "recover_password": { "title": "Réinitialiser votre mot de passe", "email": "Courriel", "submit": "Soumettre", "cancel": "Annuler", "subtext": "Nous vous ferons parvenir un courriel pour réinitialiser votre mot de passe.", "success": "Nous vous avons fait parvenir un courriel pour réinitialiser votre mot de passe." }, "reset_password": { "title": "Réinitialiser le mot de passe du compte", "subtext": "Entrez un nouveau mot de passe pour [[ email ]]", "submit": "Réinitialiser le mot de passe", "password": "Mot de passe", "password_confirm": "Confirmer le mot de passe" }, "register": { "title": "Créer un compte", "first_name": "Prénom", "last_name": "Nom", "email": "Courriel", "submit": "Créer", "password": "Mot de passe", "desc": "La création d'un compte est simple. Remplissez le formulaire ci-dessous." } }, "homepage": { "onboarding": { "product_title": "Le nom de votre produit", "product_description": "Cette partie est utilisée pour la fiche du produit. Parlez aux clients de l'allure, du ressenti et du style de votre produit. Ajoutez des détails sur la couleur, les matériaux utilisés, le dimensionnement, et où il a été fabriqué.", "collection_title": "Le nom de votre collection", "blog_title": "Le titre de votre publication", "blog_excerpt": "Votre magasin n'a encore rien bloggué. Un blog peut être utilisé pour parler des lancements de nouveaux produits, d'astuces, ou d'autres nouvelles que vous voulez partager avec vos clients. Vous pouvez regarder le blog d'e-commerce de Shopify pour trouver de l'inspiration et des conseils pour votre propre magasin et blog.", "blog_author": "Nom de l'auteur", "no_content": "Cette section ne contient actuellement aucun contenu. Ajoutez-en en utilisant la barre latérale." } }, "layout": { "navigation": { "search": "Recherche", "toggle": "développer\/réduire", "expand": "révéler", "collapse": "fermer", "all_categories": "toutes catégories" }, "cart": { "title": "Panier", "items_count": { "one": "item", "other": "items" } }, "customer": { "account": "Compte", "log_out": "Se déconnecter", "logout": "Se déconnecter", "log_in": "Se connecter", "create_account": "Créer un compte", "sign_up": "S'inscrire", "wishlist": "Liste de souhaits" }, "footer": { "social_platform": "[[ name ]] sur [[ platform ]]" }, "list_page": { "grid": "La grille", "list": "Liste" } }, "products": { "product": { "regular_price": "Prix régulier", "sold_out": "Épuisé", "unavailable": "Non disponible", "on_sale": "Solde", "quantity": "Quantité", "add_to_cart": "Ajouter au panier", "back_to_collection": "Retour à [[ title ]]", "related_title": "Produits connexes", "qty_increase": "Augmenter", "qty_decrease": "Diminution", "deal_days": "Journées", "deal_hours": "Heures", "deal_minutes": "Minutes", "deal_second": "Seconde", "select_option": "Sélectionner une option", "add_to_wishlist": "Ajouter à la liste de souhaits", "add_to_review": "Ajouter à la critique", "first_review": "Soyez le premier avis", "compare_success_msg": "[[ product_title ]] a ajouté à la boîte de comparaison réussie", "compare_exist_msg": "[[ product_title ]] existe dans la boîte de comparaison", "compare_cart_msg": "[[ product_title ]] a ajouté à la liste de souhaits réussie", "compare_remove_msg": "[[ product_title ]] a été supprimé de la boîte de comparaison", "comparing_box": "Boîte de comparaison", "compare_no_items": "Il n'y a aucun élément dans la boîte de comparaison", "wishlist_success_msg": "[[ product_title ]] a ajouté à la liste de souhaits réussie", "wishlist_exist_msg": "[[ product_title ]] existe dans la liste de souhaits", "wishlist_cart_msg": "[[ product_title ]] a ajouté au panier", "wishlist_box": "Liste de souhaits", "wishlist_remove_msg": "[[ product_title ]] a été retiré de la liste de souhaits", "wislist_no_items": "Il n'y a aucun élément dans la liste de souhaits", "upsell_cart_msg": "\"[[ product_title ]]\" a ajouté à la liste de souhaits réussie", "upsell_block_title": "Souvent acheté avec \"[[ product_title ]]\"", "upsell_cart_qty": "[[ count ]] article", "upsell_product_page_title": "Vous aimerez peut-être aussi ces produits", "upsell_checkout_btn": "Caisse", "share": "Partager le produit", "share_on_facebook": "Partager sur Facebook", "share_on_twitter": "Partager sur Twitter", "share_on_pinterest": "Partager sur Pinterest", "share_on_google": "Partager sur Google+", "share_on_linkedin": "Partager sur LinkedIn", "availability": "Disponibilité", "in_stock": "En stock", "out_of_stock": "En rupture de stock", "quick_overview": "Rapide vue d'ensemble", "details": "Détails", "reviews": "Avis", "tags": "Tags du produit", "options": "Les options", "vendor": "Vendeur", "features": "Les traits", "size_chart": "Tableau des tailles", "sale_left_text":"[[ sales ]] VENDU. SE DÉPÊCHER! SEULEMENT QUELQUES GAUCHE!", "checkout_text": "Paiement sécurisé et approuvé avec" }, "upsell": { "recommend_text": "Quelqu'un a acheté un", "minute_ago": "il y a quelques minutes" } }, "gift_cards": { "issued": { "title_html": "Votre carte-cadeau [[ shop ]] d'une valeur de [[ value ]]!", "subtext": "Voici votre carte-cadeau!", "disabled": "Désactivée", "expired": "Expirée le [[ expiry ]]", "active": "Expire le [[ expiry ]]", "redeem_html": "Entrez ce code lors du paiement pour utiliser votre [[ value ]] carte-cadeau", "shop_link": "Boutique", "print": "Imprimer ce bon d'achat", "remaining_html": "[[ balance ]] restant", "add_to_apple_wallet": "Ajouter à Apple Wallet" } }, "date_formats": { "month_day_year": "%d %B, %Y" } } }